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Category: Politics

India-China: A Thaw Relationship

India and China share an extremely excruciating relationship for decades. The border stiffness between the two most populous nations is not contemporary to anyone. Both the nuclear powers have been valiantly stimulating each other on the border. The root cause behind the disputes spun majorly around domination on geographical extents. The Sino-Indian war laid the footing of the torturous relationship between India and China. On October 20, 1962, the military troops of China confronted the Indian forces antagonistically when India declined the tactful proposals of China over the Himalayan dispute. The war finally ended on November 21, 1962, when China declared a ceasefire on the Indian troop. Despite numerous joint pacts and countless battles, the quarrel and rigidness haven’t faded away. The two Asian giants have been repetitively discovering the political, economic, and strategic ways to subvert each other.

Possibly, two decades after the belligerent war of 1962, the process of stabilization commenced between the nations. It was during 1988 when the Indian Prime Minister Mr. Rajiv Gandhi visited China. Since then, every visit by any political authority led to a new milestone in Indo-China relations and was pertinently named as Graduated Reciprocation in Tension Reduction (GRIT). Later in 2003, Atal Bihari Vajpayee went to China and made ten agreements and a ‘Declaration on Principles for Relations and Comprehensive Cooperation’ between India and China. In the concurrence, India recognized Tibet as the sovereign part of China while in exchange China conceded Sikkim as an Indian terrain, hence putting an end to another divisive episode. ‘A Strategic and Cooperative Partnership’ between the two nations was signed during the visit of Chinese Prime Minister Wen Jiabao’s to India in 2005. It steered the principles and rules about the demarcating at the border with communal adjustment and consensus of both sides. It further held to enable China to ponder Arunachal Pradesh which is administered by India since independence as an Indian topographical district. Also, India consistently counted on the fact that no populated area would be swapped for any border. In barter, India settled on needed concessions on Aksai Chin through which Xinjiang-Tibet road runs.

The Doklam Incident is completely unforgettable in the history of the Indo-China conflict. It began in 2017 when the Chinese military intruded into the Doklam area, a disputed area between China and Bhutan, neighboring India. It is a tri-junction between India, China, and Bhutan. It connects Northeast India to other parts of the country. The thin borderline between the territories makes it a center for argument. China’s perpetual efforts to extend a road on the Doklam plateau southwards near the Doka La pass consequently led to a military standoff between the nations where India fought on behalf of Bhutan and upheld cordiality with the country. The standoff ended when India refused to drift apart and pushed back the Chinese force. Lately, India and China had multiple rounds of diplomatic responses over the dispute with India leading the skirmish.

The involvement of China in the military troops of PoL and Pok, which India considers to be illegally occupied by Pakistan, further kindles to the frigidity of the Indo-China relationship. Since 2002 China has been involved in the infrastructure projects of PoK. Despite continuous warnings, China didn’t cease its operations in PoK and PoL. And China’s around-the-clock meddling in these regions and diplomatic protest regarding the oil and gas exploration in the South China Sea of Vietnam (troubling India’s ONGC joint venture with Petro Vietnam) raised security apprehensions for India.

China’s unswerving sustenance to Pakistan further ignited the flame against its rapport with India. Although the nations have incessantly tried to reach to the resolutions, India has been impotent to embrace the backstabbing and treacherous attitude of China. To date, the frigidity between the nations has not liquefied and the border tension continues to persist.

OPERATION BLUE STAR 1984

Operation Blue Star was the biggest national security mission ever undertaken by the Indian Army. It was Indira Gandhi’s solution to the out of control law and order situation in Punjab. Indira Gandhi, the Prime Minister of India at that moment, ordered the removal of Sikh militants who were accumulating weapons in the Golden Temple. The operation was held between June 1 and June 8, 1984, in Amritsar.

Bhindranwale, the main reason behind Operation Blue Star, was the leader of Damdami Taksal and influenced the Sikh youth. He convinced many people to follow Sikh rules and tenets. During the operation, Bhindranwale and Khalistan followers took over the Akal Takht complex in the Golden Temple. The Khalistan movement was a political Sikh nationalist movement which aimed at forming an independent state for Sikhs in the current North-Western part of India. Bhindranwale was seen as a supporter of Khalistan. Operation Blue Star specifically was aimed to eliminate Jarnail Singh Bhindranwale from the Golden Temple complex and regain control over the temple.

During the Operation Blue Star, the Punjab media was under a blackout. Journalists were put in a military bus and dropped at the Haryana border. There was a curfew in Punjab, and no transportation took place across the state. The incidents led to a great deal of criticism of the government. The military assault led to tensions across members of the Sikh community worldwide. Prime Minister Indira Gandhi was assassinated by two of her Sikh bodyguards on October 31, 1984, for permitting the Operation Blue Star.

A repeat of Operation Blue Star was seen a few years later. Operation Black Thunder took place in the late 1980s to remove remaining Sikh activists from the Golden Temple. The ‘Black Cat’ commandos of the National Security Guards were in this operation. Similar to Operation Blue Star, the operation was directed towards Khalistani militants who were using the Golden Temple as a base. The first Operation Black Thunder occurred on April 30, 1986, and the second one on May 9, 1988. The operation was commanded by Kanwar Pal Singh Gill, the DGP of Punjab Police at that time. Little damage was inflicted on the Golden Temple as compared to Operation Blue Star. It is known for its free access to the media, unlike during Operation Blue Star. Operation Black Thunder was far more successful as compared to Operation Blue Star.

THE ELECTORAL COLLEGE SYSTEM AND THE 2020 ELECTIONS – WILL HISTORY REPEAT ITSELF?

The US presidential election is going under full swing. Joe Biden, the Democratic Party nominee is leading the current President Donald Trump in all the major polls. Biden is ahead by 7.4 percentage points in the most closely watched RealClearPolitics national polling average. Notably, most polls show Biden is also leading in major polls by substantial margins in most of the key states that he will need to win in order to claim victory in the electoral college.

CAPITAL PUNISHMENT IN INDIA

The death penalty or capital punishment is the highest degree of punishment awarded to any convict under Indian Judiciary system. India has seen a significant rise in the judgments which held death penalty for the convicts under heinous crimes, but the execution of such sentences was comparatively less with reference to the judgement pronounced. No official statements or statistics of those who were sentenced to death have been released.

THE POLITICAL IMPACT OF ARTICLE 35A AND THE REMOVAL OF J&K’S SPECIAL STATUS

Major changes were made in the Article 370 of the Indian Constitution that granted a “special status” to the state of Jammu & Kashmir (J&K), including the Ladakh region for many decades on august 5th 2019.

WHAT IS ATMANIRBHAR BHARAT?

In every recent announcement made by Prime Minister Modi, he talked about being ‘ATMANIRBHAR’ or ‘SELF RELIANT’ & initiated ANBA( Atma Nirbhar Bharat Abhiyan). So what does Modi’s emphasis on self-reliance really mean? How well does it fit with recent reforms? Let us elucidate this policy.

THE CAUVERY WATER DISPUTE BETWEEN KARNATAKA & TAMIL NADU

The Cauvery is a south Indian river that flows through the states of Karnataka and Tamil Nadu. The two states have been fighting for their ‘due share’ of Cauvery river water over centuries. According to reports, before independence Tamil Nadu used to get about 602 thousand million cubic feet (TMC) of the total water. Karnataka used to get only about 138 TMC. Post-independence, Karnataka kept complaining about this arrangement being highly skewed in Tamil Nadu’s favour. It demanded equitable sharing of the water. This issue between the two states remained unsolved even after the central government and the supreme courts intervention until the Cauvery management board, Cauvery water disputes tribunal and supreme court in collaboration resolved the issue in 2018 but even today the exact details and information remains a mystery to the common man.

CHINA AND ITS POLITICAL SYSTEMS

China is a communist country governed by only one political party that allows very limited democratic activity. Officially titled as the People’s Republic of China, it is the country that has the highest population than any other country on the earth. It has the second-largest economy and has a permanent seat in the United Nation’s Security Council. It is also a communist country.

NEUTRAL APPROACH TOWARDS POLITICS

“In politics nothing happens by accident. If it happens, you can bet it was planned that way”-Franklin Roosevelt

Indians have always been intrigued with politics. We’re either a right wing person or a left wing person. But is politics just confined to right and left wing? What lies beyond is difference between plain truth and deceiving lies, mere perceptions and hidden personalities and most importantly JUSTICE! One should not confine his thought process to just being a right or left wing person but move ahead and search the hidden truth. Our quest should be to know the situation and act accordingly!

WHAT IS BREXIT?

Brexit or British exit refers to the UK leaving the EU (European Union).

A public vote also known as a referendum was held in June 2016, where 52% of the citizens opted for Brexit. The EU is a union involving 28 European countries both economically and politically. It ensures free trade, which means goods can move between the member countries of the union without any extra charges. It also allows migration, free movement of people, to live and work in whichever country they choose.

UNDERSTANDING PATRIOTISM IN INDIA

According to the web, “Patriotism” or national pride is the feeling of love, devotion and sense of attachment to a homeland and alliance with other citizens who share the same sentiment. This attachment can be a combination of many different feelings relating to one’s own homeland, including ethnic, cultural, political or historical aspects. In India, however, many people believe that patriotism is a feeling that is only to be shown by the soldiers fighting on the country borders, members of other armed forces or the police force. Indian citizens mostly demonstrate their affection towards their country on red letter days like Republic day or Independence day. Once in a blue moon, this feeling also comes out when an Indian soldier gets martyred or there is a India VS Pakistan (cricket) match.

DECODING THE ANTI – MODI SENTIMENTS PREVAILING IN TAMIL NADU

The Bharatiya Janata party in a coalition along with the National Democratic alliance won 45 % of the total votes that were polled in the general elections that were held in May 2019 to constitute the 17th Lok Sabha . With a vast majority the BJP – led NDA won the elections hands down . Today, Tamil Nadu remains one of the few states that has never had the history of BJP wining a seat without a coalition. The dominance of the two political parties DMK and ADMK has been influencing the way governance works in the state . This is unique as the influence of the Tamil film industry and the dominance of “only Dravidian parties ” has shaped Tamil Nadu politics for almost half a century . Political pursuits in the state have been encouraging parties to build caste based vote banks and hence caste too has been an influential factor. 

THE 2016 PRESIDENTIAL ELECTIONS

The United States presidential election in 2016 was the 58 th quadrennial presidential election, held on Tuesday, November 8, 2016. This presidential election was noted with extra interest by the poll watchers from all over the world as it had too many incidents happening for the first time in history unlike many other presidential elections. For instance, Hilary Clinton became the first woman to win the presidential nomination of a major party. Trump, meanwhile, became the first president in more than 60 years with no experience serving in the Congress or as a governor. Trump also became the oldest president to be elected in U.S. history at the age of 70 (Ronald Regan was 69 when he was sworn in).